Rekisteroidyn

DOMA's Section 3 defined marriage for the purposes of federal law as a union of one man and one woman. [65] It was challenged in the federal courts . On July 8, 2010, Judge Joseph Tauro of the District Court of Massachusetts held that the denial of federal rights and benefits to lawfully married Massachusetts same-sex couples is unconstitutional under the equal protection clause of the . Constitution . [66] Beginning in 2010, eight federal courts found DOMA Section 3 unconstitutional in cases involving bankruptcy, public employee benefits, estate taxes, and immigration. [67] [68] [69] On October 18, 2012, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals became the first court to hold sexual orientation to be a quasi-suspect classification and applied intermediate scrutiny to strike down Section 3 of DOMA as unconstitutional in Windsor v. United States . [70] The . Supreme Court ruled in Windsor on June 26, 2013, that Section 3 violated the Fifth Amendment. [71] [h]

Rekisteroidyn

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