There are three main treatment options for Graves' Disease. Medical management consists of giving anti-thyroid medications, which block the production and release of the thyroid hormone. Surgical management consists of the surgical removal of the entire thyroid by a total thyroidectomy. Patients will then go on thyroid hormone replacement for the rest of their lives. The third treatment option is radioactive iodine ablation of the thyroid gland. The radioactive iodine treatment kills the functional thyroid cells, resulting in a hypothyroid state three to six months after the treatment.
Therapy for hypothyroidism is monitored at approximately six week intervals until stable. During these visits, a blood sample is checked for TSH to determine if the appropriate amount of thyroid replacement is being given. The goal is to maintain the TSH within normal limits. Depending on the lab used, the absolute values may vary, but in general, a normal TSH range is between to /ml. Once stable, the TSH can be checked yearly. Over-treating hypothyroidism with excessive thyroid medication is potentially harmful and can cause problems with heart palpitations and blood pressure control and can also contribute to osteoporosis . Every effort should be made to keep the TSH within the normal range.
Their (polyunsaturated oils) best understood effect is their interference with the function of the thyroid gland. Unsaturated oils block thyroid hormone secretion, its movement in the circulatory system, and the response of tissues to the hormone. When the thyroid hormone is deficient, the body is generally exposed to increased levels of estrogen. The thyroid hormone is essential for making the ‘protective hormones’ progesterone and pregnenolone, so these hormones are lowered when anything interferes with the function of the thyroid. The thyroid hormone is required for using and eliminating cholesterol, so cholesterol is likely to be raised by anything that blocks the thyroid function.